In the world of parenting toddlers, managing behavior is a daily challenge that many mothers face. As a mother of two little girls myself, I understand the struggles and the desire to find effective discipline strategies. One popular tool that often comes into play is the behavior chart. However, my professional opinion as a licensed therapist is that behavior charts are not the most effective behavior management strategy. Let’s delve into why I would not recommend using behavior charts to nurture positive behavior in toddlers.
Internal motivation is more effective than external rewards
Behavior charts often operate on a system of external rewards for desired behaviors. Typically, the child will get stickers or some type of reward or prize when they demonstrate positive behavior or avoid negative behavior. While stickers and stars may temporarily promote good behavior and give the child a sense of pride and accomplishment, they will quickly become dependent on them. The goal then becomes doing good in order to get a reward, not for the sake of doing good. Also, developing an internal motivation will create longer lasting positive behavior than external rewards.
Behavior charts do not address the underlying causes of behavior
Behavior charts focus on behavior, obviously. This is great, but again, we want to go deeper than just the behavior. We want to get to the root cause of the behavior so we can address that. If we can get to the bottom of it, we can create lasting change because they will actually learn as opposed to just changing behavior but not understanding why. This is sort of like painting your nails over old chipped nail polish instead of removing the old one first. Sure, it’ll look okay temporarily, but it will look even better and last even longer if you get in and get rid of the chipped polish.
Potential for negative self-perception
Constantly receiving feedback through a behavior chart can influence a toddler’s self-perception. If a child consistently falls short of the desired behavior, it may create feelings of inadequacy or frustration. This approach might unintentionally impact their self-esteem. It also promotes the idea that their value is directly correlated to the number of sticks they have or how “good” they were this week.
Okay, so behavior charts don’t work.. then what do I do?
This is a much larger topic, but to sum it up briefly, there are few alternatives to behavior charts that you can use to manage your child’s behavior. Some of these include:
- Positive Reinforcement with Connection: Rather than relying on external rewards, focus on positive reinforcement through connection and encouragement. Attachment and connection are very important in developing a child’s self-esteem and shapes the way they see the world. Verbal praise and physical affection go a long way in reinforcing positive behaviors, and helps the child feel good about themselves and their choices.
- Setting Clear Expectations and Boundaries: Toddlers thrive on routine and clear expectations. Establishing consistent rules and boundaries helps toddlers understand the consequences of their actions. Communicate these expectations in a simple and age-appropriate manner. Remember that they’re not adults, so we have to keep the expectations age appropriate!
- Modeling Desired Behavior: Children learn by observing. Modeling the behavior you wish to see in your toddler provides a powerful lesson. Demonstrating patience, empathy, and effective problem-solving teaches valuable skills that go beyond the limitations of a behavior chart.
- Understanding Developmental Stages: This one is super important! Recognize that toddlers are at a stage of rapid development, both emotionally and socially. Behavior challenges are often linked to their struggle to express themselves. Understanding and empathizing with their developmental stage can guide more effective responses.
Final thoughts about behavior charts for toddlers
Behavior charts have been a popular behavior management tool for children for a long time. While they may seem like a great option for managing behavior, unfortunately they’re typically not very effective, and can actually be detrimental. Toddlers learn best through modeling, consistency, and clear expectations. Ultimately, we want to instill a well-rounded sense of right and wrong, not just teach them how to mimic behaviors to get rewards.